The Ethics of Abortion

The debate over Abortion,The Ethics of Abortion Articles though, I believe is unique. Not specifically because of the content, but because it is something that about half the nation of America is opposed to or supportive of. Furthermore, it is an ethical argument, that people will take seriously and to far extents. There are even incidents of Direct Actions being committed against abortion clinics. This is not to paint an image of zealotry and ignorance around those who are Pro-Life, but rather to show that they hold deep convictions about their cause. The Pro-Choice side of the argument is equally devoted, as the founder of Planned Parenthood, Margaret Sanger, went through numerous trials and countless warrants, just to be able to publish her opinion on the matter. Many people who become interested in other issues first start by educating themselves in Abortion, and then forming an opinion on the matter. Abortion is unique for these reasons: it is a moral argument, it gives passion to those who are nihilistic in other matters, and there are as many people for it as there are against it.

The two primary positions on this matter are obvious: Pro-Life (against Abortion) and Pro-Choice (for Abortion). But it is not so simple. Many times, there will be those who think that Abortion is permissible under certain circumstances, such as rape, incest, or those unfortunate cases where the unborn is significantly deformed and has no hope fo living a normal life. This is where the definitions of Pro-Life and Pro-Choice become mixed up. Some will claim that Pro-Life means that there are some situations where it is immoral to kill an unborn infant, whereas others will claim that Pro-Choice means that there are some situations where it is not immoral to kill an unborn infant. Still, moreover, the terminology used by both of these sides seems so mercilessly tilted towards one opinion, that it’s difficult to listen to either position and hear an objective view point. I have seen some Pro-Life advocates refer to Pro-Choice individuals as “Pro-Abortion,” but deservedly, they responded by calling the Pro-Life advocate “Pro-Battered Children.” It is not an unborn fetus — it is “a living, breathing, unborn child.” People have allowed their passions to overwhelm their mental faculties, and they found that it is impossible to speak of Abortion from an objective viewpoint — that is, to say, to speak of Abortion in a manner that is neither opposed to it or for it.

My position on Abortion is a unique one. I believe that there are three particular ethical conditions of Abortion: (1) where it is neither immoral or moral to have an abortion, (2) where it is immoral to have an abortion, (3) where it is moral to have an abortion. The reason why my position on Abortion is unique is due to the fact that I do not make an ethical claim specifically to Abortion — my position on Abortion is simply an expansion of an ethical theory. This is not entirely uncommon, though. When it comes to questions like “Why should we be moral?” and “Who are moral agents?” it is considered to be a question of Ethics, but when it comes to questions like war, abortion, feminism, racism, animal rights, it is then considered a question of Applied Ethics. The reason, however, why this paper may be considered unique in the question of Abortion is because I provide a foundation to judge the question of Abortion — I provide a short introduction and defense of an ethical theory, that can be used to judge such Applied Ethics questions. I hope to provide an objective, reasonable argument — for abortion in some cases, and against abortion in other cases. Some would call me Pro-Life and others would call me Pro-Choice, though I would probably lean closer to Pro-Choice.